SAccording to FAO data, global meat consumption has increased nearly fivefold over the past sixty years, rising from 71 million tonnes in 1961 to 339 million tonnes in 2021, including 133 million tonnes of chicken , 110 million tons of pigs, 72 million tons of beef and 16 million tons of sheep. According to the latest FAO forecasts, world meat consumption should increase by another 15% between now and 2031 (+17% for pork, +16% for chicken, +4% for beef), an increase for three quarters due to developing countries.
World meat consumption per capita has increased by about 20 kilos since 1960 to 43 kilos. It is in Hong Kong that we eat the most (137 kilos per capita in 2017), ahead of the United States (124.1 kg), Australia (121.6) and Argentina (109.4) . India (3.8 kg per capita in 2017), Bangladesh (4.04 kg) and Ethiopia (5.4 kg) eat the least. In China, per capita meat consumption has increased almost twenty-fold since 1960, rising from 3.3 kg to 60.6 kg.
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It is evaluated in the European Union at 81 kilos per year and per inhabitant, with Spain coming first (100 kg), ahead of Portugal (94 kg), Poland (89 kg) and Germany (88 kg). , against only 43 kg in Bulgaria. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, per capita meat consumption in France increased by 0.7% in 2021 to 85.1 kg, including 31.7 kg of pork, 28.6 kg of poultry, 22.1 kg of veal and beef and 2.2 kg of mutton. It stood at 44 kg in 1950 and reached a peak of 94 kg in 1998.