The text must now be signed by Governor Gavin Newsom to become definitive law and be applied in this state which is home to Silicon Valley and its tech giants.
Social networks are regularly accused of having harmful effects on younger users, for example by overexposing them to the seemingly ideal lives of other people or to inappropriate advertisements.
The law would require platforms to install settings that offer a high level of data protection for minors by default. It would also prohibit them from collecting, sharing or selling any personal information that is not necessary for the proper functioning of the service.
She also wants to prevent social networks from using any functionality that they know is harmful to the health, physical or mental, of the youngest users.
The California law, the first of its kind in the United States, is inspired by a text adopted in the United Kingdom in 2021 and if it is signed into law by the governor, “we hope that this model will be emulated by other states Americans and other countries around the world,” she added.
Some critics have already called on Gavin Newsom to reject the text, like the association representing companies offering online services NetChoice.