Bichon Frize: origin, size and character

A small companion dog par excellence, the Bichon Frize is an animal with a playful temperament. What should you know about this breed of dog before welcoming it into your home?

The Bichon Frize is an easy-going dog that suits many owner profiles, from seniors to families.

His origins

The Bichon Frise is said to be the result of a cross between a Maltese Bichon and a Barbet. adobe-stock

In history, the first specimens of Bichon Frize appear in the XIVe century. It is then called Bichon de Tenerife. It would be the result of a cross between a Maltese bichon and a barbet. In the XVIe century, he became a distinguished dog, particularly appreciated at the court of the kings of France François Ier and Henri III. Over the following centuries, the Bichon Frise remained a symbol of French aristocracy. Its popularity remains constant and finds a new boost after the Second World War, a historical period when the breed almost died out.

His character

The Bichon Frize has a character well suited to living with children. adobe-stock

Very enthusiastic and energetic, the Bichon Frize likes to have fun. He can as well solicit his master, children or other pets around him. This is a very sociable and intelligent dog. However, he is readily recognized as having a stubborn character. This complicates the education of young puppies. These can indeed be turbulent. As an indication, it is perfectly suited to living in an apartment. As with other breeds, this information about the Bichon Frize remains general. It is necessary to consider the passive, the temperament and the environment of life of each animal.

His physical characteristics

The Bichon Frize has a rounded nose. adobe-stock

The Bichon Frize is a small dog that weighs no more than 5 kg for a height at the withers of 35 cm. Considering its size, its coat is long. In order to respect the standards of the breed, it is always white and has no shade. Likewise, his round eyes possess a dark color. The Bichon Frize has other distinctive signs, such as drooping ears, a rounded nose and a weak stop.

His price

Buying a Bichon Frize from a kennel usually costs between €700 and €1,000. This estimate takes into account the pedigree of the animal, its physical appearance, as well as its possible registration in the LOF (Book of French origins). The Bichon Frise’s appetite remains moderate. With quality products, his diet requires a monthly budget of around €30 per month. An equivalent sum is to be expected for grooming and veterinary follow-up at periodic intervals.

His health

The Bichon Frize has very good health. On the other hand, it tolerates cold, heat and humidity quite badly. Special attention should also be paid to the risk of overweight. This is a sedentary breed that does little physical exercise, except for daily walks. With age, he may develop cataracts, suffer from corneal dystrophy, or even a herniated disc. Some specimens may contract Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease. By offering him a healthy lifestyle, the Bichon Frize has a life expectancy of between 12 and 15 years, sometimes more.

Adopting an animal commits you, it is a decision that you will have to think carefully about. Do not hesitate to contact your veterinarian or the shelter closest to you before starting. They will be able to advise you on the animal that will suit you best.


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